The Hand as already explained includes the Hand proper, Fingers and the Thumb. Now we describe some important parts of the Hand.
1. Palm : This is the space bounded by the wrist on one side and the base of the Fingers on the other. In breadth, it is bounded by the root of the Thumb to the percussion of the Hand.
2. The Mounts: These are normally bulging positions on the Hand, and are found at the base of Fingers and are called Mounts of Jupiter, Saturn, the Sun and Mercury. In addition, below the Thumb is the Mount of Venus. By the side of themounts on hand Thumb, we find the Lower Mount of Mars, whereas below the Mount of Mercury on the percussion and approximately opposite the Lower Mount of Mars, we have the Upper Mount of Mars. The Mount of the Moon is found below the Mount of Venus an the percussion. The mounts are eight in number.
3. Plain of Mars: The palm proper, bounded f rom the base of the Mounts to the third angle of the Triangle and from the Line of Life to a nbrmally placed Line of Liver, excluding any Mount, is called the Plain of Mars. This portion also includes a Quadrangle and a Triangle.
There are six chief Lines and eight main Lines on the Hand. Other Lines are called minor or Influence Lines.
1 The Line of Life or the Line of Vitality or Pitr Rekha.
2. The Line of Head or Line of Mentality or Matri or Dhan Rekha
3. The Line of Heart or Ayu Rekha.
4. The Line of Fate or Line of Saturn or Urdh Rekha.
5. The Line of the Sun or Line of Apollo or Urdh Rekha.
6. The Line of Liver or Heptica or the Line of Health or Line of Mercury or Urdh Rekha.
Hindu palmists have given the names of all the above Chief Lines a s shown therein. The Line of Fate, the Line of the Sun and the Line of Health or Line of Mercury, all are called Urdh Rekhas.
The other important Lines found on the Hand are given below, in the order of their importance:
1. The Via Lasciva. lines on hand
2. The Line of Intuition.
3. The Line of Mars.
4. The Girdle of Venus, Ring of Saturn and Ring of Solomon.
5. The Rascette.
6. The Line of Union or Marriage or of Attachment.
7. The Lines of Voyage and Travel.
8. The Lines of Children.
Signs on The Hand
Before examining a Hand, the palmist should check the signs on the Hand. These signs should be marked clearly on the Hand. The signs f ormed by crossing the Lines should not be interpreted. But the signs of planets are not marked in a perfect form. If they are roughly but indisputably marked, the readings for them should be given.
Two sets of signs indicates the signs according to the Western school and Fig. 5 indicates the signs according to the Hindu school. These are found on the Hand.
Signs and Marks Western School
1 The Square.
2. The Triangle.
3. The Star, a combination of six or more rays, a cross with an additional line or lines.
4. The Island.
5. The Cross.
6. The Spot, which may be red, white. blue or black and round, often elongated or irregular.
7. The Circle.
8. The Angle.
9. The Grilles.
10. Sign of Jupiter.
1 1. Sign of Saturn.
12. Sign of the Sun.
13. Sign of Mercury.
14. Sign of Mars.
15. Sign of the Moon
16. Sign of Venus.
Planetary signs 10 16 are not found commonly. The author found them only on four or five Hands in 20 years.
The Hindu School
The following are the marks and signs according to the Hindu school followed by Hindu palmists. But European and American palmists do not regard them as important. All these signs are f ound on f a mous Hands.
The, signs are datailed below:
5. Pot or Pitcher.
16. Trishul or Trident.
Malformation of Lines
The palmist should understand thoroughly the nature and construction of Lines, their strength with regard to whether they are clear, deep, even or perfect. But not all Lines are perfect. There are many defects and malformations in the Lines, which are to be analysed carefully.
The defects or obstructions in a Line give adverse results and signify defects in the flow of the current, thereby producing a defective operation of the qualities of the Line in question.
When a Line is broad, shallow, wavy, etc., it denotes that the current cannot f low in a regular way but spreads in a hotchpotch way.
A few defects are listed below:
1 Uneven Lines: The Lines are thin at some places, and broad and shadow at other places. Sometimes these Lines are just broad and shallow.
2. Split Lines., Split Lines are splinters which have broken Lines and produce defects by reducing the strength of the parent Line,
The Lines, when once split,. do not join again, but they weaken the quality of the Line during the period of life covered by such Lines. Such Lines are to be observed with a magnifying glass. This can be classed as a leak in the Line.
Note carefully that if a split Line Pulls away from a Line and runs clear only for a short distance and stops, and the main Line continues strong, it will show that attempts to change the natural course have failed.
3. Island: This is a splitting of the Line and a return to the original Line of the lower end of the part which has broken away. This is always a defect a disturbance or warning of an unwanted happening. An island divides the current flowing in a Line. One current flows straight, whereas the other current passes around one side of the Line. This is considered a bad sign. In this case, the current of Line is divided and reunites on the lower side of the island and resumes its course.
4. Breaks : This is also a defective aspect of a Line. The current is interrupted and stopped when it reaches the break and, if there are no repair Lines, will flow out of its course and cause a disturbance. In case the break is small I and the Line after the break is strong and clear, the current may skip over the small break and continue in the regular direction of the Line. The wider the break, the more serious the result, Breaks signify a loss of the value and strength of the Lines and an increase in the negative results.
5. Break with Fragments: This is a simultaneous repair of the break. In this case, the Lines overlap one another by a small cross, sister Lines running alongside the main Line. Such signs help in the continuous flow of the current. Such a formation in the Line repairs the seriousness of the danger of a negative result that would have f lowed from the break.
6. Hook : This is a Line which turns back after a break and starts to run towards its source forming a sort of hook. It is the worst malfor mation in a Line. In this case, the current flows back upon itself, and finds it hard to continue on its course. It overflows and disaster can be expected unless this is repaired by some repelring marks.
7. Fork or Tassel: Fork or tassel indicates dissipation or diffusion of the strength of a Line by discontinuing and scattering the current, dissipating its force. It is just a fountain where the water comes with full force in a Line and at the end of it is diffused and spreads on the sides, thereby dissipating its energy.
But care is to be taken to see the nature of the fork. When a Line fades away gradually up to the end and is forked but does not end abruptly in the form of a tassel, it is not a harmful fork. But a tassel which consists of many Lines indicates scattering of the current, as it cannot be gathered into a Line. This creates upsetting and disturbing conditions.
8. Chained Line: This Line is composed by join . ing together a number of links forming a Line which is not clear, even and deep but one which has a series of obstructions and difficulties. If it is found in the part of the Line, weak and poor operation of the Line for that period will be felt.
9. Cross Bars: Closely grouped together Cross bars are horizontal Lines which entirely block the current. A cross bar is a very bad sign as at the spot where it is, the current has no chance to escape except to overflow to the adjoining areas. This will indicate bad effects of the Line or part of the Hand like the Mounts.
10. Star : This is an important and valuable sign. The current flows regularly along the Line and bursts into flame at the place where the star is found and illuminates the surroundings. The size of the star is of significance. A small star means illumination, but if large in size, it diffuses and causes an explosion. A star should be read for its size, formation and location on, the Hand in respect of other Lines, At some places, it is good, whereas at other places it is bad. For detailed results, readers should refer to another chapter.
11 , Upward Lines: Far from being split Lines, rising Lines from a parent. Line increase the strength of the Line, and if they are found running to any particular part of the Hand or Mount, they show good results in that particular direction.
12. Downward Lines: When the Lines are found to be going downward, hey should be treated as unfavourable signs as they reduce the strength of the Lines. These split Lines destroy the effects of the part of the Hand or the good Mount where they are found running.
The phalanges on the eight fingers are divided into three groups. In most cases, as you look at each finger, the length and thickness of the three phalanges will be about the same, indicating a normal balance between the physical, emotional and mental facets of a person’s makeup. However, If one of the groups is noticeably thicker, thinner, longer or shorter than the other two groups, the person concerned will place much more emphasis sis on one aspect of life – physical emotional or mental.